Navigational mechanisms that are repeated on multiple Web pages within a set of Web pages occur in the same relative order each time they are repeated, unless a change is initiated by the user.

Testing & Remediation

How to test: Open your site in your browser of choice and verify that navigational elements (footer links, navigation links, etc) are exactly the same any time those elements appear on a page.  The order of the elements must match exactly, unless the change is initiated by the user. How to remediate: Present repeated components in the same relative order each time they appear.

Questions and Answers

How do I know if my websites structure is layed out correctly?

Your site should have the correct semantic elements (header, main, footer, article, etc) in the order that they are intended to be read. This means that sometimes this isn't the order that makes styling the page the easiest. You must also ensure that all your heading levels are hit in the order. This means that you should not skip from an h1 to an h4, and so on.

Does my site need to be usable if the CSS and javascript doesn’t load?

Not necessarily, but there are a few things that you need to make sure of:
  • The page should be using the proper semantic elements. This means things like header, nav, aside, etc.
  • All headings and page content should flow in a logical order. H1 > H2> etc.
  • Without styling, elements should still be in the order they are intended to be read or listened to.

How do I change the order the elements on my page are given focus?

Nearly all elements can be given focus, and have their focus order changed using the 'tabindex' attribute. Elements on a page will be given focus in the order of their tab index. W3 Schools has a great explanation of tabindex here.

What are the best accessible wordpress sliders?

Carousels and sliders pose accessibility issues for keyboard and screen reader users that can be challenging to adequately address by adjusting your markup. Keep in mind that all content and controls abled users can access must be made robust enough to be accessed by all users, this means (among other things) that slider controls need to have tab-navigation consideration, timing needs to be adequate enough so that all users can read slides, and UI controls need to have enough color contrast such that they can be perceived by everyone. Any carousel or slider can contain non-accessible content,  so keep these things in mind when building content:
  • Do the headers flow from h1 down without skipping a level?
  • Do embedded images have adequate alt tags?
  • Do the links open have descriptive titles or link text?
Below are sliders that are accessible:
  • Snazzy Slider by Josh Cummings -

How long does the accessibliity process take?

This question depends on a number of factors including size of site, desired level of conformance, your developer's understanding of accessibility techniques, etc. Accessible Web is here to help. Reach out and we can discuss your site specifically.